Your Child From Six To Twelve (1962)
Title: “Your Child From Six To Twelve”
Author: CHILDREN’S BUREAU, U. S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE.
Publisher: CHILD CARE PUBLISHERS, INC. New York
Year of Publication: 1962
LOC Catalog Entry: http://lccn.loc.gov/63024549
Copyright Status: Public Domain in the United States and countries following the rule of the shorter term
Katherine B. Oettinger, Chief, Children’s Bureau, U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, in the Foreword to the latest edition of “Your Child from Six to Twelve,” wrote:
“There are many more things that we don’t know then we do know about children. This is hard on us parents, because instead of being given directions about how to ‘get’ our children to do this or that, or being told at what ages we can expect certain developments, we have to work more or less in the dark. How pleasant it would be if we had definite rules as to how to develop to the full our children’s inborn abilities! And yet perhaps one of the most intriguing things about being a parent is the mystery and unpredictability surrounding these unique beings entrusted to our care for a few years. Maybe we are just as happy, and they a lot more so, because we don’t have any magic formula by which to direct their lives.
“Yet there are many kinds of knowledge that would help us out enormously when it comes to the everyday problems of family life. If only we knew how to get children to want to do the things we feel pretty sure they’ll profit by learning, such as keeping their rooms neat, and doing their home work on time!
“Such methods of influencing behavior will have to wait until we know a great deal more than we do now — about ourselves as well as about children. Man has uncovered more of the secrets of the universe than he has of the secret doings of the human heart and mind; it’s much harder to delve into the ways people act and think and feel than it is even to find out what’s going on among the stars.
“But thoughtful parents try honestly to put to use what knowledge we now have. We can add to what we know by close observation of our children, and so let them inform us much about their needs and what can be expected of them. Each time we learn this way we take a step forward along the road to better parenthood.
“This book was written by Mrs. Marion L. Faegre, under the direction of Dr. Katherine Bain, Director of the Division of Research in Child Development.
Helpful suggestions were also received from other members of the Children’s Bureau staff. Sincere thanks are due to the members of our Pediatric Advisory Committee, and to the professional persons and parents who also reviewed the manuscript.”
“Your Child From Six to Twelve is the fourth in the Child Care series, written to help you to be more confident and intelligent parents. Prenatal Care, the first in the series, was designed to see you safely through pregnancy and the birth of your baby. Infant Care helped you take care of your new baby through his first year. Your Child from One to Six carried on from your child’s first birthday.
This book is an up-to-date, informative, reliable and authoritative guide for parents of children in the formative years of six to twelve. It was written under the direction of the Division of Research in Child Development of the Children’s Bureau of the United States govern-ment, and reviewed by its Pediatric Advisory Committee and other professional persons trained in child development.
While your children were very little things happened around your house because you willed them to. Your youngsters were completely dependent on you for their well-being and companionship. Their daily routines were determined by you.
But as they reach school age and continue to blossom out as definite personalities, you will find that they have minds of their own. Their abilities, likes and dislikes, dispositions, and dreams make them unlike any other children you know. Their minds are opened to the influences of other adults. Their secret hearts are torn or warmed by the com¬panionship of other children of their own age.
There can be no set, fixed book of rules for guiding, helping to de-velop, and making completely happy children of early school years. Each child is a special person who requires special care. But those who have had wide experience in observing, teaching, and helping to de-velop the possibilities of children of this age group can give parents the benefit of their advice.
That is what this book purports to do. It will tell you what you can expect as your child progresses from one growth adventure to the next. It will guide you in handling what might seem to be problems. It will help you avoid some of the pitfalls that might have unhappy results. It will take some of the surprise, and disconcerting anxiety out of your own reactions to your child’s behavior.
We hope this book will help you to be wiser, more comfortable, and more self-confident as you continue your job of rearing and training the constantly changing younger members of your family.”
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Editors’ Foreword vi
1. What 6 to 12-Year-Olds Are Like 1
Children are self-starters • Bodily skills are added fast • Nature’s door is wide open • Their motto: try anything once • Children between 6 and 7 • “Bed and Board” • Children between 7 and 8
2. How Family Life Is Different Today 9
Living conditions are changing • Families are smaller • Inventions alter family life • Children between 8 and 9 • Recreation moves outside • Earlier outside influences • Fathers see less of their children • Children between 9 and 10 • The democratic family
3. What Successful Parenthood Involves 16
Do we really accept our children? • Children between 10 and 11 • How discipline and punishment differ • Children must understand our aims • Children between 11 and 12 • Children between 12 and 13 • When the emphasis is misplaced • Influences of happy home surroundings • How can we provide stability? • “Goodness” is a byproduct • Why encourage independence? • How character develops • How children learn moral laws • It’s the moral “climate” that matters
4. How Families Influence Their Children’s Social Development 37
The family in a larger family — the community • When we keep the doors open • To be accepted, children need to “act their age’ • “Belonging” is all-important • The gang spirit can be put to constructive use • Friendships • Growth of affection and love • What children get from camp life • Some things to think of in choosing a camp
5. What Play Means to a Child 50
What a child’s play tells us • Requirements for play • Interests change with growth • Differences between boys’ and girls’ interests • Team play • Wide opportunities for growth through play • When must a child stick to his last? • Why children need pets • Pets and sex education • Sex play
6. Home Life as Preparation for Independent Living 62
Children’s needs as individuals • Childhood is worthy of respect • What can family life contribute? • Why reminding is necessary • Personal responsibility • Responsibility for household tasks
7. Helping Children to Make the Most of Their Mental Ability 73
What is intelligence? • What contributions can parents make?
8. When Home and School Get Together 78
Do you know your child’s school? • Learning to read and write • How parents can help • Reading difficulties • He must go at his own speed • Writing and arithmetic • The “why” of social studies • First steps in science • Means of self-expression • Musical experience • What instruments shall they play? • Home study problems
9. Everyday Problems 99
Fleeting phases • The rough and rude phase • Teasing and quarreling • So your children argue? • Dawdling, whining, sulking, tattling, and cheating • How important are good manners? • When is teaching necessary? • Nervous habits • Enuresis (bed-wetting) • Nail biting
10. Fears, Worries, Frustrations, and Their Outlets 114
Fears connected with the self • Worries have many roots • Which age do we live in? • Practices and situations that make escape necessary • Feeling “unliked” or unwanted • When school is too hard • Masturbation • Over-aggressiveness • Lying • Stealing • When stealing is not stealing • Running away
11. Some Special Family Concerns 131
1. The adopted child • 2. Stepparents, ”in-laws.” and grandparents • 3. Children of divorced parents • 4. Children who have Special handicaps
12. Pursuits and Hobbies 143
Why and what children read • What about the comics? • To be a doer is important, too • Hobbies and special pursuits • Radio and television
13. Children and Money 152
What money experiences can parents provide? • “But they won’t spend wisely” • To be able to earn raises a child’s morale • Special problems
14. Developing Wholesome Sex Attitudes 160
Planning is necessary • Do we know our children? • Information isn’t all • Maturation rates are different • How the school can help
15. Growth in Middle Childhood 168
Height and weight • Body proportions • Muscles, bones, and teeth • Special features of growth • Prepubertal changes
16. Keeping Your Child Healthy 177
Starting the day right • Food needs • Daily food needs • Underweight and overweight • Good conditions for eating • Care of the teeth • The child’s hearing • The child’s eyesight • Importance of sleep and rest • Interferences with sleep • Accident prevention • When should a child be kept home from school? • Illness is an excuse
17. The Sick Child 194
Symptoms of illness • Before the doctor comes • Care of a sick child • Accidents
Health and Disease Record Charts 219
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